UMD Dryer

TEAM: UMD Dryer
First Semester. From left to right: Dr. Yunho Hwang (lead PI), Tao Cao (lead student), Anto Sheryl Peter, Amer Abdul Razak Charbaji, Laeun Kwon, Xiaojie Lin, Dr. Jiazhen Ling (faculty support), Cong Peng
Courtesy of Team UMD Dryer
TEAM: UMD Dryer
Team in Action. From left to right: Xiaojie Lin, Anto Peter , Amer A.R. Charbaji
Courtesy of Team UMD Dryer
TEAM: UMD Dryer
Second Semester Team. From left to right: Zhilu, Zhang; Wadeson, Peter; Sams, Richard; Malik, Abbad; Sze, Jeffrey; Calderone, John; Magnuson, Thomas; Busch, Thomas; Kim, Alexander; Louie, Alan.
Courtesy of Team UMD Dryer
TEAM: UMD Dryer
Systems Layout
Courtesy of Team UMD Dryer
TEAM: UMD Dryer
Team Photo
Courtesy of Team UMD Dryer
TEAM: UMD Dryer
Auto CAD Dryer Design
Courtesy of Team UMD Dryer
TEAM: UMD Dryer
HPCD Flow Chart Model
Courtesy of Team UMD Dryer

Heat Pump Clothes Dryer : 2012-2013

Winner Award
Mechanical Engineering
College Park, MD 20742
Energy End-Use Category: 
Clothes Dryer

Find Out More

You can learn more about the winning team and their prototype at their school's website.

Project Overview: 

Background

The electric clothes dryer (CD) is typically the appliance that uses the most electricity in a household, after the electric water heater. According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), 90 million households used CDs, and 0.67 quadrillion Btu were used for clothes drying in residential and commercial buildings in 2010. Unlike most other types of appliances, CDs are not listed in the ENERGY STAR®'s database, because most models consume similar amounts of energy. Electrically powered CDs were used in 79% of U.S. households, while gas-fired CDs were used in 21% of the U.S. residential market in 2010. Noticeably absent were heat pump clothes dryers (HPCDs), which consume about 33% less electric energy, but so far are used mainly in Europe and Japan.

Prototype/Technology Description

By using a vapor injection cycle, we can increase the refrigerant flow rate through the condenser and maximize the enthalpy difference across the evaporator. In this way, the system’s cooling and heating performance will be enhanced.

By using a heat exchanger in the suction line, we can reduce the temperature of the refrigerant entering the expansion device, increase the condenser inlet refrigerant temperature, and reduce the condensing pressure. In this manner, overall system capacity and efficiency are both improved.

By splitting air streams through the evaporator and condenser, and optimizing airflow rates through each heat exchanger and its refrigerant circuitry, we can remove excess moisture in the evaporator and achieve a higher degree of subcooling in the condenser, thereby maximizing the performance of the dehumidification process and the heat exchanger.

By utilizing dynamic evaporator air ventilation, moist air discharged from the evaporator is dynamically separated from the condenser air stream and ventilated to the outdoors, when the humidity ratio is higher than a threshold value; in this way only moderately humid room air is heated by the condenser and used for capturing moisture in the drum. When the humidity ratio of the evaporator outlet air is reduced below that of the room air, it is directed to the condenser.

Potential Energy and/or Cost Saving

With project energy savings of approximately 10% to 20% compared to typical European HPCDs. These projections will result from performance enhancements achieved through the use of the previously described design concepts, as well as other new ideas conceived during the project’s brainstorming phase. When comparing our prototype to current U.S. electric CDs, these savings could be as high as 40% to 46%.

Future Commercialization

Our design is commercially attractive, due to its unique energy-saving features. After a successful demonstration, we will approach current industrial partners of the Center for Environmental Energy Engineering, which includes GE, Whirlpool, and LGE.

The final report for the UMDDryer team is attached below. In it, the results of the testing and the energy savings calculations are explained.

"Improving energy efficiency is most promising tangible solution to our energy challenges. Participating in MaxTech Competition allows me to work together with next generation engineers for addressing such important issue. I am very excited to be able to continue our effort to improve our winning prototype design to next level and keep exploring for licensing options." - Yunho Whang, Faculty Lead

Attachments: 
Content provided by team UMD Dryer
Neither the United States, the Department of Energy, or Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees make any warranty, express or implied, or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness for any purpose of any technical resources or data attached or otherwise presented here.